RRPS Curriculum Map

Curriculum Map: 1st Quarter: 8th Grade 2016-2017

Standards (Focus on testing verbs: identify, describe, analyze, etc…):

(IC)PS1,2:

• Students will compare and contrast the influence of European countries on the development of colonies in the New World.

• Students will describe, evaluate, and interpret the economic and political reasons for the American Revolution, to include…attempts to regulate colonial trade through passage of Tea Act, Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts and colonists’ reaction to British policy.

IVC: PS1:

• Students will understand why various sections of the early United States developed different patterns of economic activity and explore why and to what extent those differences remain today.

Essential Question:

What were the economic, political, and social motivations for European exploration and English colonization?

Key Concepts and Time Guideline (Key Vocabulary and People in bullets)

Review European Exploration (3 days) {This review is optional}

1. What were the main reasons (religion, economic, and political power) for European exploration?

2. How did the defeat of the Spanish Armada lead to more exploration by other countries?

3. What was the importance of the Line of Demarcation.

English Colonization (4 weeks)

1. Compare and Contrast the economic, political, and cultural development of Virginia and Massachusetts.

• Indentured servants, cash crop (tobacco), subsistence farming

• Plymouth, Puritans, Jamestown

2. How did the resources of the colonial regions influence the economic and social development of each region? • New England, Middle, South

3. Describe the conditions slaves faced coming to and living in the Americas and how slavery developed in each region.

4. How did European powers use their colonies to gain wealth and power? • Mercantilism

Pre-Revolution and Declaration of Independence (4 weeks)

1. How did the French and Indian War lead to dissatisfaction among the American colonists?

• Proclamation of 1763

• King George III, Parliament

2. Why did Britain pass the laws they did and how did these influence colonial decisions?

• Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, Quartering, Intolerable Acts

• Tyrant, tariffs, embargo, boycott, taxation without representation, assembly, revenue

• Benjamin Franklin, Sons of Liberty, John and Samuel Adams

3. What were the causes and effects of major events such as the Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party?

• propaganda

4. What was the importance of Lexington and Concord?

5. What ideals of American government were set forth in the Declaration of Independence and Common Sense?

 

Curriculum Map: 2nd Quarter: 8th Grade 2016-2017

Standards (Focus on testing verbs: indentify, describe, analyze, etc…)

(IB)PS1: Students will describe, evaluate, and interpret the economic and political reasons for the American Revolution, to include…attempts to regulate colonial trade through passage of Tea Act, Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts and colonists’ reaction to British policy.

IB: PS 2: Students will describe the aspirations, ideals, and events that served as the foundation for the creation of a new national government.

IIIA: PS 1,2: Students will explain the structure and functions of the national government as expressed in the U.S. Constitution, and explain the powers granted to the three branches of government and those reserved to the people, states, and tribes.

• Identify and describe a citizen’s fundamental constitutional rights.

IIIB: PS 2: Explain the importance of point of view and its relationship to freedom of speech and press.

IIIC: Compare political philosophies and concepts of government that became the foundation for the American Revolution and the United States Government.

Essential Questions:

How were the American colonies able to defeat Great Britain?

What experiences led the framers of the Constitution to create the government?

 

Key Concepts:

Revolutionary War

1. What was the significance of the major battles and events of the Revolutionary War?

• Saratoga, Valley Forge, Yorktown, Treaty of Paris

• Guerilla warfare, treaty, siege, alliance, Patriot, Loyalist

• George Washington, Benedict Arnold

2. What role did European powers play in the outcome of the American Revolution?

3. How did the Revolutionary War change the landscape of power in North America?

The Constitution

1. What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation that led to the development of the

Constitution?

2. What role did the fear of tyranny play in the development of the Constitution in areas such as the

branches of government, checks and balances, separation of powers, etc.?

• James Madison, Alexander Hamilton

• Great Compromise, Congress, House of Representatives, Senate, Legislative, Executive,

Judicial Branches, checks and balances, federalism, popular sovereignty

3. What are the basic powers and structure assigned to the federal government in the Constitution?

• 3/5th Compromise, 2/3 majorities for treaty approval, veto override, etc.,

• Veto, 3 Branches and the articles, bill becomes law, elastic clause

4. How did the American experience under the British government influence the demand for the Bill

of Rights? • Freedoms guaranteed, prisoner and citizen protections

5. How is the idea of the Constitution being a “living” document seen in additional amendments to

the Constitution? • Extension of voting rights and democratic ideals

 

Curriculum Map: 3rd Quarter: 8th Grade 2016-2017

Standards (Focus on testing verbs: identify, describe, analyze, etc…):

(IB)PS3,4,5:

• Describe and explain the actions taken to build one nation from thirteen states.

• Describe the successes and failures of the reforms during the Age of Jackson.

• Describe, explain, and analyze the aims and impact of Western Expansion and the settlement of the U.S.

(IIE)PS1:

• Explain and describe how movement of people impacted and shaped western settlement of the U.S.

(e.g., growth of towns and cities, effect upon native population, railroads, livestock)

(IV-C)PS1:

• Understand why various sections of the early U.S. developed different patterns of economic activity and

explore why and to what extent those differences remain today.

 

Essential Question:

How did national growth and economic development sectionalize the United States?

Key Concepts and Time Guideline

Federalist & Jeffersonian Eras:

1. Describe and explain the creation of political parties.

• Federalists, Democratic-Republicans

• Washington and Hamilton’s policies

• Madison and Jefferson’s viewpoints

Age of Jackson:

1. What were the motivations and impact of the Indian Removal Act

2. Explain how the economies of the North, South, and West developed differently?

• tariffs

3. What were the motivations and impact of the South Carolina nullification crisis?

• states’ rights, doctrine of nullification, secession, John C. Calhoun

• Whig Party

Westward Expansion/Manifest Destiny

1. Want were the motivations and impact of the Mexican War?

2. Describe the westward migration of people and the impact this had on the country & other groups.

3. What were the motivations and impact of Texas and California statehood?

Industrialization

1. How did the Northern free labor system compare with the Southern plantation slave labor system?

• Industrial Revolution, inventions, cotton gin, sectionalism

• abolitionism, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison

Causes of the Civil War: A Divided Nation

1. How did the addition of new land and territory lead to disagreements between the North and South?

• Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Fugitive Slave Act, popular sovereignty,

Kansas-Nebraska Act

2. How did the Supreme Court fuel the slavery debate between free and slave states?

• Dred Scott decision, Roger B. Taney

3. How did abolitionism and the development of the Republican Party divide the country?

• Attack on Harpers Ferry, John Brown

• Election of 1860, Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln, electoral college

• secession, Confederate States of America (C.S.A.), unconstitutional

 

Curriculum Map: 4th Quarter: 8th Grade 2016-2017

Standards (Focus on testing verbs: identify, describe, analyze, etc…):

(IB)PS6,7,8

• Explain how sectionalism led to the Civil War

• Explain the course and consequences of the Civil War and how it divided people in the U.S.

• Analyze the character and lasting consequences of Reconstruction.

Essential Questions:

What motivated the South to break away from the North?

Why did a war that was supposed to end quickly take so long?

What was the legacy of the Civil War?

Key Concepts and Time Guideline

Causes of the Civil War: A Divided Nation

1. How did the Northern free labor system compare with the Southern plantation slave labor system?

• Industrial Revolution, inventions, cotton gin, sectionalism

• abolitionism, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison

2. How did the addition of new land and territory lead to disagreements between the North and South?

• Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Fugitive Slave Act, popular sovereignty,

Kansas-Nebraska Act

3. How did the Supreme Court fuel the slavery debate between free and slave states?

• Dred Scott decision, Roger B. Taney

4. How did abolitionism and the development of the Republican Party divide the country?

• Attack on Harpers Ferry, John Brown

• Election of 1860, Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln, electoral college

• secession, Confederate States of America (C.S.A.), unconstitutional

Civil War and Reconstruction

1. Explain the course and consequences of the Civil War.

2. What were the strengths, strategies, and goals of the North and South?

• blockade, border states

3. Explain key Civil War battles and their resulting impact on the nation.

• Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Robert E. Lee, George McClellan

• Antietam, Emancipation Proclamation

• Ulysses S. Grant, Vicksburg

• Gettysburg, Gettysburg Address

• Total War (Sherman’s March to the Sea), William Tecumseh Sherman

• Grant’s pursuit of Lee, Appomattox Court House

• Assassination of Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth

4. How did the country rebuild after the Civil War?

• Reconstruction, Andrew Johnson, Civil War Amendments (13th, 14th, 15th), segregation